When a Beagle is Vomiting Yellow Foam or Mucus
Usually when a dog throws up, it will be a mixture of both partially digested and undigested food. So what does it mean if only yellow liquid is expelled?
It should be noted that yellow vs white liquid, foam or mucus are very different. When a Beagle vomits yellow foam, this is indicative of stomach bile.
It will vary from watery to thick. It may be interlaced with foam or the foamy substance may form around the edges of the puddle.
Bile is a substance that works to neutralize acids in the stomach before it works its way to the dog's small intestines. In addition, it also works to counteract microbes that may be in any digested food.
Reasons for this include:
1) The Beagle's stomach is too empty. This is the most common reason that a Beagle will vomit up yellow stomach bile with or without foam and mucus. If so, it typically occurs with dogs that are only fed one meal per day. The easy at-home treatment is to change your Beagle's feeding schedule to include smaller, more frequent meals.
Many dogs do best with two meals per day: morning and evening. Some owners tend to avoid this if a morning meal means a bowel movement afterward when the owner has either already left for the day or is preparing to do so. In this instance, you may want to feed your Beagle as soon as the day begins. This can leave time a bit later - 20 to 30 minutes - for a visit outside to the designated bathroom area before you need to leave the house.
In addition, filling a Kong or other toy with treats that the Beagle can slowly release and then eat during the day can be a good way to offer a snack that will prevent the stomach from becoming so empty that there is an excessive buildup of bile that may be vomited out.
While having an empty stomach is by far the most common reason; there is also a small chance that this is due to a more serious issue of gastritis (inflammation of the stomach). With gastritis, the vomiting of yellow foam will be ongoing - it may come and go however if it lasts for more than 1 week, the veterinarian will run tests for this disease.
Other signs of this include black tarry stools, a green color in the vomit (which indicated bile that is produced from the Beagle's gallbladder), flecks of blood and/or bits of undigested food mixed throughout the yellow foam.
The stomach can become chronically inflamed due to:
• Repetitive ingestion of inappropriate foods
• Infection (often a parasite)
• Metabolic/endocrine disease
• Adverse reaction to medication
The veterinarian will narrow down the causes by doing a complete physical examination, blood work, a chemical profile, abdominal X-rays, ultrasound and a fecal floatation.
When a Beagle is Vomiting Clear or White Foam, Mucus or Liquid
White foam may be an issue of an empty stomach as with the yellow foam, however it can also point to one of several very serious and sometimes fatal issues.
The most common reasons for this include:
1) Blockage -
When a dog swallows a non-food item of a chunk of food that is too large to safely pass, this can cause a partial or full blockage of the stomach and/or intestines. In some cases, the Beagle's first symptom may be vomiting of clear or white fluid - this can happen hours before any other clinical signs.
This brings to mind a dog that swallowed a roll of medical tape - unbeknown to the owners- that was tucked into a lower bathroom cabinet. Hours afterward, he vomited a puddle of clear fluid and seemed fine afterward. It was not until about 7 hours later that he showed other signs of distress. Once taken to the vet, he needed emergency surgery to remove the tape, which had wound its way through the dog's intestines. It came very close to being a fatal situation.
Beagles have a high level of curiosity and are capable of mouthing and then swallowing all sorts of dangerous items. This includes Popsicle sticks, keys, rolls of floss, jewelry, shoe laces, pen caps, paper clips… If it can fit in his mouth, it can be swallowed. Keeping all of these sorts of object off the floor and from accessible places is prudent, not just for puppy care
but for Beagles of all ages
For this reason, if your Beagle vomits white or clear liquid with or without foam or mucus, you'll want to:
1- Search over the areas of the house that he had access to, looking for anything that was disturbed as a possible clue that he may have gotten into something that he should not have.
2- Closely watch him/her for any other developing signs or to see if he vomits a second time. Other red flags are: straining to eliminate a bowel movement, restlessness, acting panicked, whining, non-interest in eating or drinking, retreating, any signs of discomfort. In these cases, this warrants an immediate vet visit and this is considered an emergency.
2) Bloat -
This exceedingly serious condition involves the stomach rotating or twisting in response to eating and exercising too closely together or eating too fast. However, if you see the warning signs of bloat, always seek help even if you do not believe that your Beagle did either of those two things.
Other symptoms include: Bloated abdomen, heavy panting, dry heaving, restlessness, pacing, not able to sit or lie comfortably, retreating, anxiousness and/or hunched over positioning.
This is considered an extreme emergency and a dog with bloat needs to be treated ASAP.
3) Other possible causes -
There are many other possible causes that vary greatly. This includes kennel cough, diabetes, kidney disease, infection of the digestive tract, food allergies
, hepatitis and even rabies.
Treatment - Since vomiting white foam can be a quick, acute case that is easily treated or it can point to a very serious issue that needs prompt professional intervention, it is important to keep a close eye on your Beagle. If treatment at home (more ahead) is not working or if there are any other signs, you'll want to bring your dog to be examined right away.
When a Beagle is has Vomiting with Blood
While some cases of vomiting can be treated from home with close supervision, if a Beagle is vomiting blood or if there are specks of blood in the vomit, this is a clear sign of an emergency. You should take your puppy or dog to the vet or closest animal hospital immediately.
Reason for blood in vomit can include:
- Ingestion of a foreign body
- Damage to the intestinal tract
- Serious bacterial or viral infection
- Serious parasitic infection
- Tumors of the stomach or esophagus
- Ingestion of poison
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
Blood may be present in the Beagle's vomit, stools or both. There may or may not be diarrhea. The most important fact is that throwing up blood almost always points to a serious medical emergency that requires prompt medical intervention.
When a Beagle Vomits Right After Eating
If your Beagle expels his food immediately after swallowing it, this is technically regurgitation, which means that the food is expelled before it begins to digest.
Fortunately, the most common reason for this can easily be resolved at home. It typically happens if a dog eats too fast or too much.
You'll want to:
1) Serve smaller but more frequent meals. If you normally give your Beagle one meal per day, switch to two. Those who already eat twice may do better with 3 smaller feedings.
2) Use a slow-feeder bowl or place a stainless steel portion pacer in the existing dish. This should be done at any rate to help prevent bloat and can help when a Beagle retches due to eating too fast.
3) Beagles can tend to eat with too much enthusiasm if food is presented while the dog is in a state of excitement. Avoid giving your Beagle a meal when he is revved up. If he is very hyper and dinner is overdue, it can help to offer a small snack and work to calm him down before his full meal is offered.
When a Beagle Vomits During or Immediately Following Exercise
This will typically happen if a Beagle is allowed to run around or is taken for a brisk walk right after eating, before the food has had a chance to digest.
Canines have a much more sensitive gag reflex than humans, therefore allowing a good 20 minutes to pass before heading out for a walk or taking your dog out for a game of fetch can often prevent this sort of vomiting event from happening.
Treatment of Vomiting at Home
Many cases will be acute instances in which a Beagle throws up and then simply needs some time for his stomach to rest.
Here is what you can do from home, as long as there are no red flag symptoms that call for a visit to the vet:
1) Withhold the next meal
unless your Beagle has appeared to bounce back to his normal self and is eager to eat. Be sure to offer plenty of cool, clean water.
2) Feed your Beagle light meals for up to 24 hours.
This would be home cooked food of plain oatmeal, small banana slices and sweet potato. If he does well with that, you can also offer white breast chicken meat without skin and without any seasoning, mixed with plain sweet potato or plain white rice. These are easily digestible foods that can offer sustenance while allowing the stomach and digestive system to rest.
3) Prevent dehydration.
If your Beagle has vomited a lot or has had both vomiting and diarrhea, you'll want to take steps to restore hydration. Mixing plain, unflavored Pedialyte with water (a 50/50 ratio) can help a restore a dog's electrolyte balance and help a weakened dog recover from loss of fluids.
4) Limit exercise and walks.
While some dogs are able to shake off an episode of vomiting and bounce back to normal within just minutes, many will need a good 24 hours to fully recover.
5) Pepto Bismal -
There is some debate over this treatment, even among veterinarians. Some say that it is best to allow a dog to vomit and have diarrhea so that the bacteria or other triggers can be flushed from the system. If OTC medicine is given to prevent this expulsion, it may prolong the condition. However, for others, giving a dog Pepto is normal protocol for minor episodes of acute vomiting and vomiting along with diarrhea. So, should you give a Beagle a dose of Pepto?
The main ingredient in Pepto is bismuth subsalicylate, which coats the stomach and intestines to help combat nausea, diarrhea, heartburn, indigestion and upset stomach. It is considered to be safe for canines, when correct dosing instructions are followed. This can be part of an at-home treatment plan for acute cases.
It is best to call your veterinarian's office first; in most cases he/she will give you the 'okay'.
The correct dosing is based on the Beagle's weight
. Unless otherwise directed by the vet, you will want to give your Beagle 1 teaspoons for each 5 lbs. (.45 kg) of body weight. It is given every 5 to 6 hours. If there is no improvement after 4 doses (20 to 24 hours), this is your signal to bring your beagle for an examination.
When to Take Your Beagle to the Veterinarian
Since the reasons for a Beagle vomiting can range from nibbling on a fallen bird to drinking too fast to parasites and even the dangerous condition of blockage, you will want to get immediate help if any of the following is present:
- Violent, projectile vomiting - This is much more than a dog leaning down and throwing up. In this case, vomit will be flung from the mouth and often the nasal passages with extreme force.
- Blood - Seen in the throw up and/or stools
- Severe weakness
- Intolerance for food (even with easy foods listed above)
- Intolerance for water
- Bloated stomach
- Excessive drooling
- Any signs of distress - pacing, restlessness, panicked behavior, retreat from the family
- If vomiting episodes continue for more than 24 hours - Since reasons can range from a food allergy to parasites to bacterial infection, you'll want your Beagle to have veterinary care.
- If you suspect any form of poisoning